Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel

Wunsiedel, Oberfranken 1881 - 1965 Wien

The graphic designer and animal painter Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel was born in Upper Franconia in 1881. In his early years, he studied at the Münchner Kunstgewerbeschule (Munich School of Arts and Crafts). In 1898, after a yearlong stay in Italy, he moved to Vienna, where he studied under Christian Griepenkerl at the Akademie der bildenden Künste (Academy of Fine Arts) and later at the Kunstgewerbeschule (School for Applied Arts) under Alfred Roller. At the Wiener Werkstätte, Jungnickel became one of the most important designers of textiles, wallpapers and postcards. Together with Gustav Klimt, he worked on the interior designs of Palais Stoclet in Brussels. Experimenting with different graphic techniques, he was able to achieve extraordinary results, especially in spraying and woodcutting. Through his contacts to Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka, he became acquainted with Austrian expressionism, which he recognized as a suitable means of expression for his own purposes. From 1938 to 1952, Jungnickel lived in voluntary exile in Abbazia, Croatia. He died in Vienna in 1965.