Josef Hoffmann1870 Pirnitz, Moravia 1870 - 1956 1956 Vienna
Josef Hoffmann was born in Pirnitz in Moravia in 1870. He began studying architecture in 1892 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna under Carl von Hasenauer and then Otto Wagner in 1894. He received the Rome Prize for his diploma work and embarked upon a study tour of Italy together with Joseph Maria Olbrich. Hoffmann was one of the leading figures in the Viennese art scene at the turn of the 20th century. In 1895 Hoffmann’s circle of friends – which included Koloman Moser, Joseph Maria Olbrich and Max Kurzweil – became the “Club of Seven”, an avant-garde forum for experimentation and development of new artistic ideas. Hoffmann was also one of the founding members of the Viennese Secession in 1897. At the age of 29 he assumed a post as a lecturer at the School for Applied Arts in Vienna. Up until his retirement in 1936, he lectured in the departments of architecture, metalwork, enamelling and applied arts. He founded the Wiener Werkstätte together with Koloman Moser and Fritz Waerndorfer in 1903. Hoffmann applied his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk (“total art work”) to his designs for all branches of applied arts and was active as both an architect and a designer throughout his life. His œuvre includes numerous examples of furniture design and building projects such as the Purkersdorf Sanatorium near Vienna and the Palais Stoclet in Brussels, whose interiors were decorated and furnished throughout by the Wiener Werkstätte. Hoffmann was also able to achieve considerable international acclaim with his designs for furniture, glassware, vases, jewelry and his exhibition concepts. He is renowned for his rather austere, clear and geometrical designs.
One Coffee Cup with Saucer Design around 1910 (shape) and 1919 (decor) Four-Piece Coffee Set design 1918 Bottle Stopper design around 1904 Bottle Stopper Design around 1904 Cupboard from the apartment of Magda Mautner-Markhof around 1903 Writing Desk and Armchair 1905/06 (desk), 1902 (chair) Small Cheval Mirror around 1940 Basket with Handle design around 1924 Ashtray design around 1920 Two Goblets design 1911 Beer Glass with Floral Décor 1918-19 Vase design around 1914, manufactured around 1925
Vase design 1915-19, manufactured before 1922 Bread Basket 1911 Brooch 1912 Four-Piece Smoking Set around 1922 Crayfish fork and dessert knife "Round Model" design around 1906 10-part Cutlery "Rundes Modell" design around 1906 Vase 1922 Cigarette Box around 1921 Medallion with Malachite and Original Chain around 1918 Four Pairs of Door Handles design around 1905 Centrepiece design 1924/25, manufactured 1925-31 Sitting Room Suite with Table design around 1905
Flower Basket design before 1910 Armchair design around 1901 Brooch with Flower Décor design before 1909 Table Dustpan design 1916, manufactured from 1922 Two Hanging Lamps around 1910 Two Flower Baskets around 1906 Kitchen Sideboard 1905/06 Basket with Handle 1925 Box 1909 Pair of Vases and Lidded Box manufactured 1923/24 Goblet design 1910, manufactured 1913
Bottle Stopper design around 1920 Rare Vase design 1921 Leather Items 1910-28 Pair of Vases manufactured 1923/24 Lidded Box manufactured 1923/24 Vase 1912 Cabinet 1905/06 Unique Samovar Design before 1906 for Magda Mautner Markhof Pair of Eight-armed Candelabras design before 1924 Unique Liqueur Service 1908 Large Teapot around 1908